It is important that we present the definitions and descriptions of literacy and disabilities, which reflect the values intrinsic in this guide and the LaDS project. These values align with a human rights model of disabilities and adult learning principles, which honour respect, dignity, inclusion, and independence.
"The ability to understand and use printed information in daily
activities, at home, at work and in the community to achieve one's goals,
and to develop one's knowledge and potential"
|International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), 1996.
"To build a society that values inclusion it is important to challenge the
assumption that literacy is only reading and writing on paper. There
are multiple literacies and multiple ways of communicating including
American Sign Language, Braille, technologies, gestures and sounds."
|Fact Sheet on Literacy and Disabilities. MCL, 2005.
"The disability rights model of disability presumes that all people have
the same rights, regardless of disability. Disability is seen as a product
of discrimination and inequality in social, economic and political life.
The focus is on broad systemic factors that enable or restrict people from
participating as equals in societies."
|Rioux, et al. Atlas of Literacy and Disabilities. 2003|
"A disability is not a characteristic of a person but a relationship between
the person and environment. A disability is relative in this sense. This is
important because it places the responsibility on the environment rather than on the person."
|Hollander, A. as quoted in: Lessons Learned from Evaluation of Disabilities Policy and
Programs by B. Perrin. 1999. pg. 11.