These phrases are used to describe history as we know it from
theories put forth by scholars and academics who have studied the
subject in great detail. They rely on artifacts that have been
using scientific methods to determine their age. These artifacts may
be ancient tools, utensils, weapons or bones that have been found in
areas which could have been used as hunting, burial, or gathering
sites. Using common scientific methods of study is necessary in order
to have agreement with the stated conclusions of any study. These
conclusions are therefore generally accepted to be correct.
But what of the history that has not been recorded in writing?
Traditionally, Aboriginal history was taught to younger generations
through a well established system of story telling. And these accounts
of historical happenings are also generally accepted as the truth.
The Aboriginal peoples have always told stories to explain their
origins. Most Nations have stories which are unique to their
particular Nation. However, the belief that is common to all is that
the Great Spirit was involved in the origins of their people. These
creation stories are then accepted as the truth about the beginnings
of their people.
On the following pages we have presented two creation stories, one
from the Iroquois Nation and another from the Blackfoot Nation.