SECTION 1 - A FRAMEWORK FOR CURRICULUM AND MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT
In the action and reflection cycle, participants engage in a process with four phases: description, analysis, strategizing and action.
|1. Look||Description||describe reality. Description starts from where the person is, describing their reality as they experience it in their own words. Only later do we go on to consider descriptions from other perspectives.|
|2. Reflect||Analysis||reflect on and analyze reality, identify problems, goals and possibilities for action. Analysis includes looking at the larger context and identifying the various forces that block or further the realization of our goals. Analysis involves hearts as well as minds. Reflection entails both thinking and feeling - it is a process where we consider not only what is and how it works but also our values and how we feel about things.|
|3. Plan||Strategizing||decide on goal and strategize action. Strategizing takes into account the analysis of the larger context. It includes considering various alternatives for action and making decisions about the what, who, when, where and how of the chosen action. It involves identifying the various steps and tasks and then planning how to carry them out.|
|4. Do||Action||carry out action to transform reality. The education program can provide a practice place for action. The various tasks required for action and the skills required for those tasks can be practiced in the class.Then the participants carry out the action in the context of their lives beyond the program.|