Global Description

Phase II learners are developing expectations around print: i.e. that print is organized in a way that aids comprehension.


A Phase II ESL Literacy learner:

  • Can use pictures, words and context to predict meaning
  • Can use some sight words/phrases, letter-sound correspondence and word families to read text
  • Cannot yet decode automatically.


A Phase II ESL Literacy learner:

  • Is becoming more familiar with the mechanics of writing at the level of words and sentences
  • Is not yet accurate or consistent in structure or spelling
  • Can write a few simple sentences or phrases about self, family or highly familiar information
  • Can locate and copy factual information from simple text, directories and schedules.


A Phase II ESL Literacy learner is developing:

  • A better understanding of place value, money, time and measurement
  • A knowledge of numbers up to 1,000
  • An understanding of basic operations, fractions and decimals
  • An ability to draw logical conclusions from mathematical situations using manipulatives and verbal skills to explain thinking.

Sociocultural and Linguistic Considerations

A Phase II ESL Literacy learner is developing an understanding of:

  • Instructions that are found at school, at home, on the job, and on medicine labels
  • The maps and directories that Canadians use to get information
  • The reasons for writing lists (day-timers, calendars)
  • The value that Canadians place on being on time (even 5 or 10 minutes late is a problem at work)
  • Saving money by buying sale items, using coupons, and buying second-hand items
  • The common symbols in the home and in public that are used to give specific directions and/or warnings
  • Everyday behaviours of Canadians which may be different than their own, such as: banking procedures, credit checks, relationships with police, charging for missed appointments, excuses for absenteeism that are acceptable in Canadian work places
  • Questions or statements that are appropriate or not
  • Cultural images, symbols, and traditions such as holidays, history, and citizenship.

Canadian Language Benchmarks

Previous Table of Contents Next