National Literacy Secretariat funding has helped develop the infrastructure
for programming — materials, training, practitioners' conferences,
learners' events, and the like. It has also been directed to building
up what could be called the
People sometimes demand that the National Literacy Secretariat fund
direct programming. The Secretariat is clear that its mandate as a
For over a decade, as a matter of explicit policy, Employment and Immigration Canada (EIC, the successor to Canada Manpower, discussed above), has not supported training below the grade 7 level. The undereducated have been virtually the only group explicitly excluded from access to EIC-funded training programs, restricting their access not only to literacy training itself, but also to training for the many trades courses which require grade 10 or 12 for entry. However, EIC interest in literacy and basic skills has very gradually been renewed since the mid-1980s. In 1984, EIC established the Literacy Corps Program, to train volunteer tutors for youth; funding is now about $1 million a year. Grants from the Innovations program have occasionally supported literacy projects. A literacy component has also proven to be necessary in other training projects. Since 1984, literacy has occasionally been an element in Canadian Jobs Strategy projects, run by employers, or by private or non-profit training agencies. Literacy has sometimes been added to workplace training projects. Experience has shown that in many of these projects, workers begin a literacy learning process but do not have the opportunity to carry it as far as they need.
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