Correctional Services Canada
Other federal departments are involved in literacy, but less prominently. In 1987 the federal Solicitor General announced a literacy initiative in Canadian federal penitentiaries. Annually increasing targets were set, for numbers of students to reach a grade eight level, through 1990. This has recently been extended to include targets at the grade five and ten levels. There are increasing efforts to integrate education with other rehabilitative programs.
The mandate of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development includes providing basic services to status Indian communities, and assisting native people to acquire employment skills. However, its adult literacy activity is limited.
Scattered part-time literacy programs in Newfoundland were developed
from 1969, and were sponsored after 1978 by the Division of Adult Education.
Although in 1979 and 1980 there were memorable advocacy events, with
extensive student involvement, programming did not expand. Even with
some Laubach Literacy activity (after 1983), there were only about 300
students in 1987.69 The 1986 Report of the Royal Commission
on Employment and Unemployment recommended
69 Susan Hoddinott,
"Literacy in Newfoundland: A History and Discussion,"Soundbone 7:3-4, 1987, 5-10. Cf. Percy Barrett,
"Provincial Overviews: Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick,"(n.d.).
70 Literacy in a Changing Society: Policies, Perspectives and Strategies for Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's, 1989.
71 Literacy in an Achieving Society: Report of the Interministerial Advisory Committee on Literacy, St. John's, 1990.
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