Prince Edward Island
The first Prince Edward Island Laubach Literacy Council started in Charlottetown in 1971, and there are now five Councils across the Island. Within the government, the Department of Industry is primarily responsible for literacy, and has provided small grants to the Councils, for tutor training and materials. These are now involved not only in communities at large but also in correctional and rehabilitation centres, and with the Canadian National Institute for the Blind. The Island's community college, Holland College, has been cautious about moving from higher levels of adult basic education into literacy, but has recently established computer-based learning centres, and developed an adult curriculum covering grades one to twelve.
Literacy programs in Nova Scotia have traditionally come from two sources. Some were sponsored by school boards, among which literacy involvement varies widely with local leadership and funding availability. Other programs were sponsored by Laubach Literacy. There are now 18 Laubach Literacy Councils; some have affiliations with school boards. School boards have often relied on the Councils to provide basic level tutoring.
Programs since the mid-1980s have continued to develop through school boards and Literacy Councils, but have also had other sources. Several community literacy projects developed (in conjunction with a community centre, a library, or other organization), although these have often experienced difficulty in finding funding. In 1989, following an extensive study of programming in the province,72 the Department of Advanced Education and Job Training announced the formation of Literacy Nova Scotia, an advisory board to the Minister. Literacy facilitator positions have been created for seven community college regions (one of which is a province-wide Acadie), and for black and aboriginal programming. Coordinators provide tutor training, materials development, program promotion, and aid to local networks. They also work to establish new programs, including a series of 10 varied and innovative workplace programs.73 Regional resource centres include materials for tutors and students, and there are learner collections in local libraries. School board upgrading programs may also teach literacy students.
72 Betty-Ann Lloyd, Adult Literacy, Basic Education and Academic Upgrading in Nova Scotia: The Role of the Community College, A research report prepared for Literacy Nova Scotia, 1989.
73 Workplace Upgrading in Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia Department of Advanced Education and Job Training, Halifax, 1990.
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