6. The work women do to maintain family and household is of
- One study estimates that for Canada, in 1981, the value of
household work equaled Nancy Reid between 35-40 per cent of the gross national
product (GNP: the added accumulation of the value of goods and services
produced in a community) (Wilson 62).
7. Raising children is an economic activity that influences and
is influenced by the economy.
- When there is real choice to have children the decision is
often based on a family's economic security.
- Women's continued participation in the labour force after
childbirth depends on family income, the possibility of employment and the
availability, affordability, and quality of child care.
- The quality of services affecting children, such as
education, health, recreation, and economic opportunity, varies by region
depending on the socio-economic priorities and policies at all government
levels, and many families have to make choices about where they live based on
those quality of service issues.
8. Everyone has the right to economic independence.
- The basic components of economic independence are adequate
shelter, food, and an annual income above the poverty line. Equality of
opportunity, a basic belief of Canadian society, implies that men and women
have the same opportunities to use the tools needed to reach economic
independence. These include appropriate education, job training, and support
services such as affordable child care and employment.
discussion about the use of grounding assumptions, the process of developing
them, and experiences in working with women on economic development. Please
call or write the Women's Research Centre, #101, 2245 West Broadway, Vancouver,
British Columbia, V6K 2E4, (604) 734-0485.
Article reprinted from WEdf, Fall 1988, Volume 6, Number 4.
Nancy Reid's graphic reprinted from WEdf Spring 1995, Volume 11, No.3.
Diana Ellis works as a consultant on planning, evaluation and
action research for community groups and agencies. Her most recent publication
is "Finding Our Way - A Participatory Evaluation Method for Family Resource
Columbia Women's Task Force. Report on Single Industry Communities.
Vancouver: Women's Research Centre, 1977.
Wilson, S. J. Women, the Family and the Economy. Toronto:
McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1982.
Women Against the Budget and Women's Research Centre. "The
Exclusion of Women from Economic Planning." The Other Macdonald Report.
Eds. Drache and Cameron. Lorimer, 1985.
Women's Research Centre. Women and the Economy Kit.
Vancouver: Women's Research Centre, 1986.
Women's Research Centre. Beyond the Pipeline. Vancouver:
Women's Research Centre, 1979.